Venus Aphrodite riding goose, Athenian red-figure kylix C5th B. She was depicted as a beautiful woman often accompanied by the winged godling Eros Love. Her attributes included a dove, apple, scallop shell and mirror. In classical sculpture and fresco she was usually depicted nude. COM This site contains a total of 18 pages describing the goddess Aphrodite, including general descriptions, mythology, and cult.
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Hellenistic tetradrachm of Pyrrhos, King of Epeiros The Flan The flan is the metal blank upon which the design of the die is imprinted to produce a coin. Precious metal coins electrum, gold, and silver are said to be struck al pezzo It. Other coins, such as some later bronze issues, fall within a range of acceptable weights. These coins are struck al marco It. While the actual production of flans varied, they were made generally by pouring molten metal into a mold; many ancient coins extant today still show traces of this casting process. Sometimes flans were cast in strips of round blanks connected by a narrow bridge, or sprue. These strips would be heated, each blank on the strip would be struck, and then the coins would be separated by removing the sprues.
Gymnasium (ancient Greece)
Historically, the gymnasium was used for exercise, communal bathing , and scholarly and philosophical pursuits. The palaistra was the part of the gymnasium devoted to wrestling , boxing and ball games. Pompeii gymnasium, from the top of the stadium wall. Organization[ edit ] The gymnasium was formed as a public institution where young men over 18 received training in physical exercises. The gymnastai were the teachers, coaches, and trainers of the athletes.
Before competing in the ancient Olympic Games, athletes and judges would take an oath, promising to take part in the events in an honourable way and to abide by the rules. Cheating was heavily discouraged, and anyone found guilty would have to pay a fine. These placards were put up along the terrace wall leading to the entrance of the main stadium so that anyone competing in the ancient Olympic Games would be reminded of the disgrace that would follow if they did not follow the rules and honour the Olympic. Musicians, poets, and authors were also given the opportunity to perform their works in public. The winners of these competitions became as famous as the athletes.